Inetrnational Centre of the Roerichs

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2010 – International Socio-Scientific Conference
”75 Years of the Roerich Pact” (October 8–11)

From October 8 to 11, 2010, in the Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich, International Socio-Scientific Conference “75 Years of the Roerich Pact” took place. The conference initiators and organizers were the International Center of the N. Roerichs, the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, the K. Tsiolkovsky Russian Academy of Cosmonautics, the International League for Protection of Culture, the International Association of World Foundations, the H. Roerich Charity Foundation. More than 400 people from 25 countries took part in the conference.

The ICR Conference Programme

A List of papers

Publications

On October 8th, the opening of three exhibitions - “75 Years of the Roerich Pact”, “Lopukhins’ Estate. The Past. The Present. The Future” and “Perishing Collection” - took place. They were timed to the International socio and scientific conference “75 Years of the Roerich Pact” and were united by one theme – the vivid importance of Nicholas Roerich’s ideas and the issue of cultural heritage preservation.

The conference started with the grand presentation of the award from the pan-European Federation for Cultural Heritage EUROPA NOSTRA to Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova, Director General of the Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich and Honored Art Worker of the Russian Federation. The award was presented by Alexander zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, the vice-president of the federation.

Grand presentation of the award from the pan-European Federation for Cultural Heritage EUROPA NOSTRA to Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova, Director General of the Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich and Honored Art Worker of the Russian Federation. The award is presented by Alexander zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, the vice-president of the federation.

In his welcoming speech he emphasized that it is a great honor for him to hand the award to Lyudmila Vasilievna in person. He was very glad that the ceremony took place at the International Centre of the Roerichs. “This institution preserves the memory of the Roerich Pact - a document of tremendous cultural value, that not only contributed to the signing of the Hague convention, but also had a great impact on the civil society”. The Pact laid the foundation for creating multiple organizations and private initiatives, for which EUROPA NOSTRA serves as an example.

He added that the members of the jury he headed sincerely admired the long-term activity of Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova and unanimously acknowledged her the best in the category “Dedicated Service” among the nominees from 26 states. Alexander zu Sayn-Wittgenstein presented her with the award which serves as a symbol for the pan-European House and the honorary diploma.


Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova, Winner of the award from the pan-European Federation for Cultural Heritage EUROPA NOSTRA, Director General of the Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich.


Accepting the greetings from the conference participants, Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova said: “I am very grateful for the high assessment of my service, which I consider to be the assessment of the work done by the whole team of our Museum”.

The morning session was opened by Alexey Postnikov, President of the International Centre of the Roerichs, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academician of RAEN, Honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation. He congratulated Lyudmila Shaposhnikova with the award - and all the conference participants with the significant date: the birthday of Nicholas Roerich. Speaking about the main aspects of the artistic and scientific work by this outstanding philosopher and painter, he also noted that the famous words by Fyodor M. Dostoevski: “Beauty will save the world” were significantly deepened by Nicholas Roerich. The latter added: “The understanding of beauty will save the world”, and it is this great idea that lies in the foundation of the Roerich Pact.

Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield (ANCBS)is making a welcoming speech.

Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield (ANCBS), also made a welcoming speech. Congratulating Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova, he stressed her outstanding achievements in preserving the elements of the Roerich time's spirit. These elements need to be saved not only for the present, but also for the future. Having looked through the Museum's exhibition, he noted with admiration that what he saw here is the “living cultural heritage which is much more powerful than just buildings or art items. The living power that was given to this heritage for the future sees its revival in this Museum”.

In his speech, Alexander V. Kibovski, the Head of Rosohrankultura, drew special attention to the fact that the Roerich Pact is not just a declaration, but also a testimony to the moral maturity of the civilization. For the officials at his department, the Roerich Pact is not a plain historical document, but much more a working methodical instruction that supports their position in many complicated situations. In her speech addressing Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova, Galina I. Malanicheva, the President of the All-Russian Society for Protecting Historical and Cultural Monuments, expert in the field of the governmental record-keeping of the cultural heritage and the economical-legal security, member of the Council for Culture and the Arts under President of the Russian Federation, said: “You have always been a personal example for the other figures operating in the field of cultural heritage”.

Galina B. Andreeva, the Executive Director of the International Council of Museums in Russia, a member of the presidium of the International Committee for Museums and Collections of Fine Arts (ICFA), also shared her thoughts on the Roerichs' doctrine with the public. She claimed that one of the central ideas in this doctrine is harmony, and this harmony is an organic quality of the world's cultural heritage that unites people.

She informed the conference attendants that the General Conference of the International Museum's Union is soon to be held in Shanghai, with its topic stated as “Museums and social harmony”. The Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich will be one of its main participants on the part of Russia.

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation has for many years supported the activity of the International Centre of the Roerichs. Vladimir B. Isakov, Vice-president of the Chamber, read the address from Eugene V. Primakov, the Chamber's President, to the guests and participants of the conference. He stressed that “it is pleasant that our compatriot, a famous Russian artist, scientist and public figure, Nicholas Roerich was the first to formulate the postulates of protecting the world's historical and cultural heritage... I sincerely wish successful and productive work to the International Centre of the Roerichs and think that the forum starting today will help consolidate the efforts of the international community, including governmental and non-governmental institutions, as well as private initiatives. This conference is bound to become a significant step towards building secure protection and preservation of culture in the world”.

The conference became multiple greetings from well-known public figures and organizations both from Russia and abroad. The conference participants were congratulated by S. Mironov, Representative for the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, by A. Avdeev, Minister of Culture, and several others. In a greeting telegram from A. Kadakin, Ambassador of Russia in India, it was stated that the Roerich Pact's anniversary is also celebrated in the places geographically far from Russia, but spiritually close and dear to Russians, where Nicholas Roerich spent his last years – in the ancient valley of Kullu in the Himalayas. The celebration of the Roerich Pact in the Museum-Estate of the Roerichs, Naggar, was attended by representatives from the Embassy of Russia in India, ambassadors from the CIS countries, high-ranking guests on the part of India, scientists, cultural figures and hundreds of the valley's ordinary inhabitants.

The morning session of the conference was finished by the report “The meta-historical meaning of the Roerich Pact” by Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova.

The evening session of the conference was opened by Alexander V. Stetsenko, the First Deputy General of the Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich. The topic of his speech was stated as “The Roerichs' heritage needs international protection”.

Holger Eichberger, member of the Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield, is delivering his speech
Norbert Fürstenhofer, President of the Austrian Society for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage, is delivering his speech
Friedrich T. Schipper, General Secretary of the Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield, Professor of the Wien University, is delivering his speech
Maria Theresa Dutli, representative of the International Red Cross Committee, is delivering her speech

Speeches were also made by Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield (ANCBS); Friedrich T. Schipper, General Secretary of the Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield, Professor of the Wien University; Holger Eichberger, member of the Austrian National Committee of the Blue Shield; Norbert Fürstenhofer, President of the Austrian Society for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage; Shagdarjen Bira, Academician of the Mongolian Scientific Academy, President of the Mongolian Roerich Society; Maria Theresa Dutli, representative of the International Red Cross Committee. All the speeches were united by the motive of the great significance of the Roerich Pact and the importance of preserving the cultural heritage both during peacetime and in the events of armed conflict and natural disasters.

The first day of the conference ended with a screening of a documentary about the Roerich Pact made by director Valery Shatin - “Time to Gather Stones...”.

Marga Koutsarova, Chairman of the National Roerich Society (Bulgaria), is delivering her speech

The morning session of the second day of the International Social and Scientific Conference “75 Years of the Roerich Pact” started in an atmosphere of understanding of the importance of the issues being discussed.

Marga Koutsarova, Chairman of the National Roerich Society (Bulgaria) and Tatiana P. Sergeeva (Ukraine) presented the report dedicated to significance of N. Roerich's ideas, embodied in the Pact for protection of cultural values, for the past, present and future of the Mankind.

Pavel V. Florensky, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, professor of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas spoke on development of an agreement for the protection of the natural environment during armed conflicts and the relevance of the issues raised by Academician V.I. Vernadsky. Dr. Galina B. Andreeva, Chief Executive of ICOM of Russia, member of Presidium of the International Committee for Museums and Collections of Fine Arts (ICFA) told about the standards related to the monuments of religious art.


Speech of Pavel V. Florensky, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, professor of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and GasDr. Galina B. Andreeva, Chief Executive of ICOM of Russia, member of Presidium of the International Committee for Museums and Collections of Fine Arts (ICFA)

V.V. Frolov, Doctor of Philosophy (Moscow) dedicated his report to the development of methodology and methods relevant to the modern stage of the creation of the Cosmic Thinking. G.G. Panteleeva, scientific associate of Sevastopol Marine Hydrophysical Institute spoke about the symbolical meaning of the Banner of Peace. The intrinsic value of the idea of unity in the Nomads Epics «Gesser» and «Manas» was revealed by Valentina A. Voropaeva, professor of the Kyrgiz and Russian Slavic University. Olga A. Urozhenko, doctor of Philosophy (Yekaterinburg), spoke on the phenomenon of Culture in the Light of Cosmic Reality Philosophy. The brilliant report «Culture as the Basis of the New Scientific Cognition» by Mikhail N. Chiryatyev, Vice-President of the International Ligue for Protection of Culture, Adviser of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, was greeted with applauses. The participants of the conference embraced metaphysical and scientific ideas of N. Roerics conception of Culture.

A group of the Conference participants visited Novodevichy Cemetery during the break in order to honor the memory of George Roerich, who died in 1960.

Reports delivered at the evening session were dedicated to the creation of the legal basis for the protection of cultural values.

Petr D. Barenboim, Vice-President of the CIS International Union of Lawyers, is delivering his speech

Historical underlying of the Roerich Pact was revealed in the report by Yuri A. Shilov, professor of the Interregional Academy of Human Resources Management (Ukraine). Eduard A. Tomsha, Chairman of the Saint-Petersburg Branch of the International Centre of the Roerichs, member of the Union of Concert Artists of Russia, Artist of the Governor's Orchestra in Saint-Petersburg, spoke about Saint-Petersburg origins of the Roerichs' great humanistic ideas. Julia V. Patlan, Senior researcher of the Ukrain Center of the folk culture «Ivan Gonchar Museum» (Ukraine) delivered her report «The Image of Museum in Nicholas Roerich Creative Work of 1910-1920 and the Roerich Pact».

Petr D. Barenboim, Vice-President of the CIS International Union of Lawyers interpreted the Roerich Pact as the source of the Russian Doctrine of Legal State. Victor A. Livtsov, Deputy Chairman of the VOOPIK, professor of the Orel State University told about the participation of All-Russian Society for Protection of Monuments of History and Culture in preservation of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russian Federation. Irina Y. Dyachenko, the ICR senior researcher, represented the concept of «the Light Reverence» in the creative activity of N.K. Roerich. Studies of the symbol of Trinity in the Culture of Central Asia peoples by the Tashkent Roerich Society were represented in the report by Najiya R. Monasypova (Uzbekistan). Stasis Urbonas, director of the Cultural Centre «Churlenis House», Chairman of M.K. Churlenis Society (Lithuania) told about the significance of the Roerich Pact ideas for protection of the M.K. Churlenis creative heritage in Lithuania.

The second day of the conference ended with the concert by ethnographic groupe «Belsvet» from Desnogorsk.

The final day of the International social and scientific conference “75 Years of the Roerich Pact” was abundant in topics discussed. Reporters focused their attention on developing the urgent issues of society’s participation in the historical monuments protection and fundamental basis of the youth’s consciousness formation.


Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova leads the discussion

The representative of the Union of Architects of Russia, Professor of the Moscow Architectural Institute, Elena B. Ovsyannikova told about the problems of preservation of Moscow's architectural image. Strategic areas of modern culture protection were outlined by the head of the Altai State Agrarian University Department of Philosophy, Andrey Ivanov. Tatiana Shutova, a member of the Russian Union of Writers, spoke about the necessity of the introduction of the Roerich Pact's ideas into the modern cultural and educational reality and raising children's tolerance and respect towards other peoples on the basis of cognition of their history and traditions. Olga Kalinkina, the chairman of the Perm Regional Branch of the International League for the Protection of Culture, dedicated her address to social institutions' participation in the movement for cultural attainments protection and spreading of the Roerich Pact's ideas. All the reports were delivered on a high professional level and were of a great interest to the audience, they also generated questions from the press.

The main event of the final day of the conference was the round table, chaired by Lyudmila V. Shaposhnikova. Representatives of Russian and foreign non-governmental organizations, such as the All-Russian Society for Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield , the International Centre of the Roerichs and others took an active part in the conference sessions. Round table format was chosen to discuss the present day problems of the Roerichs' heritage preservation. It has been 21 year that the International Centre of the Roerichs and public Museum by name of Nicholas Roerich are working under no legal guaranties of their very existence and safety of the Roerichs' heritage. Of great concern is the fate of the first part of the heritage, brought to the USSR by George Roerich and stored on the territory of the Russian Federation. A number of other problems, threatening the heritage under the circumstances of flawed legislation and insufficient government protection, was also discussed at the conference.

Galina Malanicheva is delivering a speech
Mrs Manju Kak (University Jamia Millia Islamia, India) is addressing the round table
Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield is addressing the round table

Round table discussion was concluded by adoption of the resolution on the necessity of the international protection of the Roerichs' family heritage.